A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis. They are grown on a vine with versatility, variety and portability, which made them popular all over the world. Grapes are a non-climacteric type of fruit, generally occurring in clusters. More than 72 million tons of grapes are grown annually around the globe with 12 percent of that number goes toward table grapes (grapes grown to be eaten fresh).
- Grapes grow in clusters of 15 to 300, and can be crimson, black, dark blue, yellow, green, orange, and pink.
- “White” grapes are actually green in color, and are evolutionarily derived from the purple grape.
- Grapes are typically an ellipsoid shape resembling a prolate spheroid.
Grapes can be eaten fresh as table grapes or they can be used for making wine, jam, juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil.