Peanut or HPS


Peanuts / HPS / with kernels are family of legume with flowers of pea flower in shape, 2 to 4 cm (0.8 to 1.6 in) (¾ to 1½ in) across, yellow with reddish veining. The specific name, hypogaea means "under the earth"; after pollination, the flower stalk elongates, causing it to bend until the ovary touches the ground. Continued stalk growth then pushes the ovary underground where the mature fruit develops into a legume pod, the peanut - a classical example of geocarpy. Pods are 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, containing 1 to 4 seeds. HPS nuts refers to the family of peanuts which are Hand-Picked and selected.

Characteristics

Peanuts are known by many other local names such as earthnuts, groundnuts, goober peas, monkey nuts, pygmy nuts and pignuts.

Despite its name and appearance, the peanut is not a nut, but rather a legume.

 

Uses:

Peanuts have many uses. They can be eaten raw, used in recipes, made into solvents and oils, medicines, textile materials, and peanut butter. Boiled peanuts are a preparation of raw, unshelled green peanuts boiled in brine and often eaten as a snack. More recently, fried peanut recipes have emerged - allowing both shell and nut to be eaten.
Dry peanuts can be roasted in the shell or shelled in a home oven if spread out one layer deep in a pan and baked at a temperature of 350 °F or 177 °C for 15 to 20 min (shelled) and 20 to 25 min (in shell).